'The Map is not the Territory' Published in Wild Magazine


I’m really excited to have my first piece run in Wild Magazine, this a longer and very different version of my tale of backpacking Australia’s (appropriately) wild Northern Territory.

“Every cubic meter of air in the Northern Territory’s Top End contains roughly 8,132 flies. I know this because I am in it, at ground level and 160% humidity, the flies feeding on the sweat of my face and arms and legs, with the backs of my hands and the tops of my thighs already blistered by days of sunburn. I’ve seen this place before at 1:500,000, down off the Reynolds River 4WD Track and another 100km east towards the no-horse settlement at Grove Hill, but then it was all academic, studying the map back home with anticipation and thinking, “Ah, 115km isn’t too bad for a day.” But that was the map, and, as Polish scholar Alfred Korzybski’s famed dictum states (perhaps more literally in this case than he ever intended it), the map is not the Territory…

Australian Photographer of the Year: Highly Commended in Three Categories

Australian Photographer of the Year: Highly Commended in Three Categories

Australian Photography Magazine’s 2018 Photographer of the Year Competition has just been announced, and I’m pleased to have had my entries in three categories (Travel, Landscape, and Wildlife and Animal) awarded as Highly Commended from a strong field of entrants. The competition is the largest of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere, and it’s an honour to be so recognised. A full list of winners is available here.

1590-Highly Commended.jpg
1591-Highly Commended.jpg
1593-Highly Commended.jpg

'Osh and the Edge' Kyrgyzstan Feature PUBLISHED on Bikepacking.com

'Osh and the Edge' Kyrgyzstan Feature PUBLISHED on Bikepacking.com

Bikepacking.com has run a feature of mine, titled ‘Osh and the Edge’ on the attempt to pioneer a bikepacking route over the Alai Mountains in southern Kyrgyzstan. Covering the topics of adventure and adventure-travel writing, it’s a look at the sometimes beautiful and sometimes stupid and dangerous ways in which we’re driven to find our limits.

Give ‘Osh and the Edge’ a read here if you’re curious!

Osh to Sary-Mogul-6123.jpg

Ten Tips for Beginning Travel Writers


Ten Tips for Beginning Travel Writers


Love to travel and reckon you might have the guts to start writing about it? That was me 10 years ago, hiking the Cordilleras mountains of the northern Philippines with notebook and camera in hand, anxious and excited and hoping to sell my first story. Since then I’ve written and photographed features from Europe to Asia to Africa to Australia, and while no sane person would characterise the road to building a travel writing career as easy, it is genuinely rewarding. See amazing places. Do great things. Share it with others. Hell yeah.

Want a bit of wisdom if you’re interested in walking that path yourself? Read on.

(1)   Get used to rejection

Here’s the reality with starting off as a travel writer: you’re going to get ignored. A lot. For quite a long time. With the advent of cheap air travel, fast worldwide internet, and inexpensive laptops and digital cameras, there are more ‘travel writers’ and more travel content out there than ever. And, unsurprisingly, most of just isn’t that good. Editors are busy people and, more likely than not, are looking for a reason to trash your pitch or submission, as sifting through the volumes that outlets typically receive takes heaps of time and energy that they don’t really have to spare. So don’t take it personally. Even amongst established writers, having a travel writing career consists in having 80 or 90% of the people you pitch ignore you, instead of 99 or 100%. Even if you get a ‘no’ reply from an editor, consider it a win: you’ve opened up a dialogue and made contact, and that’s someone that you can reach out to again with your next idea. Pitching is to some extent a numbers game, so (especially starting out) get used to sending a lot of emails and getting a lot of silence back. Any reply is a good reply. Keep throwing things against the wall until something sticks.


(2)   Learn to pitch

That word I’ve been saying over and over and, ‘pitch’? That’s the majority of the work that you’re doing as a working writer. ‘Pitching’ is simply the proposal or outline for a story, and job one in getting anyone to pay attention to you is learning how to write one. A number of outlets will give you specifics on how to pitch them in their contributors’ guide, and it’s always worth following their instructions if they do. Beyond that a pitch is, at its most basic, just a summary of a story: what it is, what happens in it, why it’s interesting or worth publishing, and the first paragraph or two of the story itself to show that you’ve got an engaging lede and a decent writing style. If you’ve got photos to accompany, it’s also worth sending a link to a selection (not every single thing you shot!) as well. Pitching is an art form, and writing a pitch for a story will often help you to figure out if you’ve actually got a good story to tell: the distillation process required for the pitch is also a useful one as a writer, and will help you to write the story itself once an editor actually commissions it. It’s a weird truth that as much of your time as a writer will probably be spent researching outlets and pitching them as it will be writing actual stories, but that’s the nature of the beast. The outlet research process is also useful for picking out publications that you might not have the right story for right now, but which you can keep in mind as a potential market for future work.


(3)   Build up a CV (and publish it online)

One of the main ways that you get up off the floor of the depressing sub-1% editor response rate is to get a CV (resume) built up. The more examples of already-published work that you can show an editor whom you’re pitching, the more likely they are to pause for the minute necessary to give your proposal some actual consideration. Having work already published is a rule of thumb that editors can use to see if you’re likely to have any idea what you’re doing. Obviously this is a massive Catch-22, as you tend to not get considered until you have some published work, but can’t get work published until you get someone to actually give it some consideration. Sure as a bear’s Catholic, however, you get a solid chunk of clips to show people when you make a proposal, and you’ll start getting more people to give you the time of day. The best way to make your travel writing CV accessible to the people you pitch is usually just to make a website (Wordpress is a good place to start), so that when someone searches for your work, that’s the first thing that comes up. This doesn’t have to be flashy or expensive (there are heaps of good free options), but it should look clean and professional and give people a good at-a-glance look of what you’re about.

(4)   Don’t work for free

Which makes this next bit of advice all the more puzzling: don’t work for free. Or, more accurately, don’t get in the habit of working for free. Working for ‘exposure’ is usually just someone who doesn’t really value your time and effort trying to exploit your hard work for their own easy gain. So even if you’re not making much money on a piece, it’s a good idea to aim for making something. Online for example often pays much less than print, but is easier to break into (and easier to share and publicise once a piece is published), so this is often a good place to start your search for outlets. There are, of course, exceptions to the ‘no free work’ rule: when I was starting out, I did a number of minor features for a small magazine where I was living in Seoul; the mag wasn’t being run to churn out profits, it was a tiny office producing it, and the guys who ran it were nice and upfront about their situation. They were always hugely helpful and generally managed to throw in freebies for local restaurants or bars that helped make me feel appreciated, even as a starting writer. It was a low-stakes local endeavour that let me cut my teeth on publishing for the first time and do a bit of learning. Once I got my first paid stories onto my CV, however, doing unpaid work stopped being a necessity, and I learned to value my time and hard work by not working for free. 


(5)   Find a niche and work it

Like pretty much any other profession on the face of the Earth today, it helps to have a specialisation. I tend to do outdoorsy stuff when I travel – hiking, camping, mountain biking, the odd bit of freediving – and so I’ve carved out a little niche writing about just those things. It’s what I like to do in the places I visit, and I think that that enthusiasm and expertise shines through in my work. Now: I’d rather punch myself in the face for an hour straight than go on a cruise, but there are in fact people who love being trapped on a boat for a week with a bunch of strangers, and if that’s your bag too, you’ve got an ideal target audience for your work. There are people who travel for (and write about) food, about family travel, and about luxury hotels and spas (though I’d suggest that this latter is basically a form of neoliberal kool-aid and that ‘luxury’ is, as Paul Theroux observes, poisonous to an authentic and meaningful travel experience). Having a niche that you cover doesn’t mean you can’t write about things outside it when an idea or destination strikes you, but it DOES mean that you develop a kind of nose for what’s a great story in that subgenre, and can help you to build not only a CV, but also a list of outlets and editors that know and appreciate your work. 


(6)   Cultivate clients

Once again: anyone you can get to respond to your email is a potential ally. An editor who passes on a story but invites you to pitch them again is one of your best leads for breaking into a new outlet, and an outlet that’s run your work once is likely to at least be receptive to the next story that you pitch. This doesn’t mean that every pitch is going to be a success, or that you can relax your game in terms of consistently pitching excellent high-quality stories, only that in this business, relationships matter. As such, it’s best policy to always be patient and polite – if you have to follow up on a pitch for two months before you get a response, be glad for the response when it comes (again, editors are busy people), even if it’s a no. Keep in mind that persistence is important: pitch, follow up, and follow up again. Over time the contacts that you make will start bearing fruit. As part and parcel of maintaining the relationships you’ve built, always submit excellent work and always meet your deadlines – good manners are as important in publishing as anywhere. That said, recognise if someone you’re dealing with is genuinely a jerk who it’s not worth dealing with: I had an editor who repeatedly and rudely blasted every submission for months with a brash “your story’s got no point!” I was happy to move on from my relationship with him, and instead sold those same stories to bigger and better outlets.


(7)   Don’t bother with newspaper travel sections

Every newspaper travel article you’ve ever read goes something like this: ‘Place X had unfortunate thing Y happen to it, but it’s bouncing back, with some great restaurants and an exciting microbrewery scene.’ Every newspaper travel article you’ve ever read also tends to have this message following it: ‘Writer X was a guest of Company Y’, meaning that their travel was paid for. These two observations suggest a couple of things, the first of which is that newspaper travel writing tends to follow a set of predictable formulas, and the second of which is that newspaper travel writing is frequently done in-house and comes out of complimentary freebie travel. Sadly, even though I first broke into a major outlet with a newspaper travel story, travel sections generally also tend to be about ‘lifestyle’ travel for those with far more money than time, and that first big story of mine ran in a section of the paper called, blech, ‘Travel & Indulgence’. If you’ve got a story that you think is specifically fit for a paper, by all means publish it and take the writing credit when you can, but there tends to be neither budget nor appetite for travel writing that deviates much from the formula. Having a niche or specialisation, as mentioned above, will help to give you a good way out of pitching or relying on these ‘generalist’ outlets.   


(8)   Decide if you really want to be a blogger

So, when I say, ‘make a website’ it’s worth noting that I don’t mean ‘make a blog’. Casual blogging is a great way for people doing big trips to keep people back home up-to-date with their journey. But blogging as a general, committed mode of professional travel writing, intended for a wide audience, is serious work. It means constantly staying on top of generating content (and making sure that that constant stream of content is worth publishing!) and doing things like Search Engine Optimisation to ensure that you’re driving as much traffic to your site as you can. There are people who manage to make it work – finding a content niche and serving the audience for it and monetising that content through clicks and advertising to the point where the income generated is non-trivial. But the travel blogging world is a heavily saturated marketplace, and you really need to be finding some way of consistently adding plus-value to your output to really differentiate and distinguish yourself. Some people love it and thrive on it, but before you throw yourself into being a blogger, it’s worth asking if you’re comfortable spending as much time seeking followers and doing SEO as you are doing actual travel. No right or wrong answer here, just things to think about.


(9)   It helps to have a day job

So: here’s the reality. If you’re going to be a travel writer, you’re going to have to be both (A) lucky and (B) good combined with one or the other of the following: (C) frugal as hell or (D) otherwise gainfully employed. Of the people making an actual living doing travel writing, the vast majority are doing guidebook work, which if it isn’t enough to get rich off, will at least usually keep the wolf from the door. There are a few lucky souls who are managing to pay a mortgage doing travel writing work (often supplemented by other kinds of writing work, teaching, and perhaps the occasional book), but for most people, if you’re going to be relying on travel-writing income for anything important, you better be living on the super-cheap. Practically, this often means an extended sort of life on the road in places where cost of living is low – Southeast Asia, Central America – combined with a pretty austere lifestyle. The other option, of course, is not to NOT be a travel writer, or to not care about being paid for your writing, but not to rely on the money from travel writing for any of life’s crucial needs and expenses. This is also known as ‘having a day job’. So, me, globetrotting adventure-travel journalist by night? I write literacy assessments in my mild-mannered day-job incarnation. It’s creative work, albeit with a weird, niche application, and I feel very lucky to be able to do it (and all the more so for being able to do it surrounded by a group of co-workers that I love!). Having a travel writing career in this form means more of a balancing act between professional and writing obligations, but I’ve found it works pretty well for me. Finding your own balance takes time, and no one solution or arrangement will necessarily work for all seasons or people, so experiment to find what’s best for you.


(10) Learning photography helps

One last thing: If there’s a single skill that compliments travel writing, it’s photography. Being able to provide a strong set of images to accompany a story is often a make-or-break for getting the story published. This has less to do with your equipment (though your phone sadly probably won’t cut it, especially in anything other than daylight conditions) and more to do with your eye and ability to edit your images. Shoot a lot (I mean a LOT a lot) and over time your eye for what makes a strong photo will eventually get better; learn to edit your images in a basic photo editing program (I use Lightroom, but there are plenty of free options available) and you’ll get more technically useable images out of the things that you shoot. There isn’t a magic bullet here, and nothing’s going to make you a skilled photog overnight, but if you want to write about the places that you travel, it helps to be able to photograph them as well. A strong pitch well-targeted to the right outlet, combined with a strong set of accompanying images, is half the hard work done to getting a story published.  



Bikepacking Kazakhstan: The Kazakh Corner Route

Bikepacking Kazakhstan: The Kazakh Corner Route

Somehow, even with the crowds of bikepackers and cycle tourists pedalling through Tajikistan and across Kyrgyzstan, amazingly few people seem to make it over the border into neighbouring Kazakhstan.

More’s the pity: Almaty Oblast, centred on the city of Almaty, also has incredible riches to be explored, rivalling anything in Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan but with zero tourist factor.

This route, The Kazakh Corner, is a bite-sized four day ride with an incredible amount of diversity. Starting or ending in Almaty, it’s perfect both for those wishing to extend a foray through northern Kyrgyzstan, or for those overlanding to or from China (though Xinjiang Province, with its paranoid and oppressive police-state atmosphere, is not a fun place to be these days).

It takes in Central Asia’s most cosmopolitan city, as well as high yurt-dotted grasslands and snowcapped mountains, dramatic river gorges, an abandoned Soviet astronomical observatory, a remote lake and even its own incredible miniature Grand Canyon, with heaps of fun gnarly descents thrown in for good measure.

Independently researched and documented in 2017 during a four-month bikepacking journey through Tibet, China and Central Asia, this short-but-oh-so-sweet section route is my single favourite ride from that time. Take a look at the embedded map below if you’re interested in the Kazakh Corner section alone, or at the second map if you’re curious about joining the Kazakh Corner up with bikepacking.com’s Tian Shan Traverse route in northern Kyrgyzstan (via the Karkara Valley and Tegen — Kup/Tensu border, open roughly May-Oct each year).

With southeastern Kazakhstan’s amazing landscapes, easy travel, low costs and ridiculously friendly people, it’s a place ripe for adventurous exploration, and a welcome change of pace from the bikepacker tourist trail just next door.




It's been a hectic three or so months since I returned to Sydney from Llandeilo, Wales (an incredible spot, pictured above). With my sabbatical year wrapped up I've been busy at home with projects in Oz, but am finally managing to get caught up on updating the website, the work on which is nearly always in arrears!

In any case, I've updated a few things on the site, including my Muru Cycles Mungo review, and getting up my articles for destination inspiration in China, Tibet and Central Asia; Europe and Australia.

Take a look around, and as always drop me a line if you have any questions or comments!

Published: 'A Walk on the Wild Side' (Adventure Travel Magazine)


Published: 'A Walk on the Wild Side' (Adventure Travel Magazine)

Adventure Travel has just run my piece on the rugged Vicentina and Alentejo coast of southwestern Portugal. Take a look at the piece and original photography from the walk below.

"This is Europe’s Empty Quarter – the southwestern-most corner of the continent, containing nearly a third of Portugal’s landmass but less than a tenth of its population. In the celebrated tourist city of Lagos, down on the south coast, I’d be bumping up against bar touts advertising cheap drinks and live DJ sets. Here, there’s nothing, no one – nothing but the extreme, wild, shattered edge of Europe itself, towering cliffs broken and folded like mementos of catastrophe on an unimaginable scale, swallowed and emerging, again and again, into and from the relentless sea. The wind is a presence in the night all around me like a thing enraged. I really need to get under shelter..."

Portugal AT - 2-page-spread-1.jpg
Portugal AT - 2-page-spread-2.jpg
Portugal AT - 2-page-spread-3.jpg
Portugal AT - 2-page-spread-4.jpg


PUBLISHED on Bikepacking.com - "The Bartang Valley, Tajikistan"

Bartang Valley-6642.jpg

"The most adventurous way across the Pamirs, the Bartang Valley offers the best of Central Asia – sublime remoteness, high mountains and wild desert moonscapes, legendary hospitality, physical difficulty, and more than a little bit of danger."

The *true* bikepacking alternative to both the Pamir Highway and the Wakhan Valley, this route through Tajikistan's remote Bartang Valley should be considered a must-do for adventurous bikepackers and well-equipped cycle tourists in Central Asia. Want to do it yourself? Get all the info you need, including GPX files and maps, here on bikepacking.com.

PUBLISHED in Cycle Magazine: "Rocks, Crocs and Waterfalls" (Bikepacking Australia's Top End)


PUBLISHED in Cycle Magazine: "Rocks, Crocs and Waterfalls" (Bikepacking Australia's Top End)


Interested in cycling Australia but looking for something more adventurous than simply plowing across the Nullarbor? Check out my feature in Cycle Magazine about bikepacking Australia's fantastic Top End (in the wild Northern Territory). The route includes Litchfield and Kakadu national parks, as well as the superb (and croc-intensive!) Reynolds River Track. Take a look here!


Guest on the Outspoken Cyclist Podcast

Oh friends: you're in for a treat. The Outspoken Cyclist -- the preeminent cycling podcast in Northeast Ohio and MOST LIKELY THE WORLD -- has just featured me as a guest in this week's broadcast.

Tune in and hear my digressions on Australia, the Indians' historic winning streak, and of course bikepacking across Central Asia (top tip: plov varies widely in quality). The whole show is top notch, but if you're the impatient sort, the interview starts in the second half of the podcast.

Huge thanks to host Diane Jenks for giving me a chance to come on and talk a little bit about the trip!


New and Updated Gear Reviews!

After four months of bikepacking through Tibet and Central Asia, I've updated and added to my Gear Reviews with plenty of new in-the-field information. Give it a read here!

New and updated reviews:

-Thermarest Neo-Air X-Therm Sleeping Pad

-Sea to Summit Thermolite Reactor Sleeping Bag Liner

-MSR Whisperlite International Multifuel Stove

-MSR MugMate Coffee Filter

-Toaks 450ml Titanium Single-Walled Mug

-Maxxis Chronicle 29 x 3.0 Tyres

-Bike Bag Dude Custom Framebag

-Alpkit Stem Cell Drybag

-Sea to Summit Big River Dry Bags

-Busch and Muller Luxos IQ2 U Dynamo Headlight

-Supernova E3 Pro 2 Dynamo Headlight

-Sinewave Revolution Dynamo USB Charger

-Anker Powercore+ 26800mAh Portable Battery Pack

-Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge Smartphone

-Fuji X-T2 Mirrorless Camera

-Fujinon XF 55-200mm F3.5-4.8 lens


PUBLISHED: "The Border Roads, Tibet" (bikepacking.com)

Tibet is much more than just the tightly restricted Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). The Tibetan Plateau extends far to the east, with the ancient Tibetan region of Kham existing — accessibly — in the far west of the provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai, allowing visitors to the area to experience a Tibetan landscape and culture without the restrictions of travelling to the TAR.

If the idea of bikepacking Tibet -- crossing 4900m passes surrounded by snowcapped mountains and riding rough backcountry track thru highland pastures dotted by grazing yaks -- captures your imagination as much as it did mine, take a look at this five-day route for bikepacking.com: The Border Roads, Tibet.

Three Months

Three Months

Three months. Ninety days -- a quarter of the year.

Settled into it now, the routines. Find water, find a campsite, make camp, cook dinner over the petrol stove, sleep and wake, make coffee, break camp and pack up the bike again. Grinding climbs, sweat pouring into my eyes and my sunglasses and clothes all stained by salt. Then descents like visitations by angels, full of oxygen and endorphins, speed and ease like satori, a sudden bliss dawning in your heart.

I go for days where I do not speak to anyone. I could be a ghost yolked to this machine, cycling some bardo realm, a near-isomer to reality, bottling up digital messages along my way to send out on wifi or 3G to prove my existence. My arms and legs are suntanned to peeling and they itch. Fuck prudence, I'll scratch them anyway.

I no longer sightsee. Cities are supermarkets and services. Eating and running errands, and sleep. The places I find other travellers seem like islands I happen by in a vast ocean in which I am myself endlessly adrift and in-between. 

Mostly, I am outside. If I do not visit a store, and the weather and insects permit camping without a tent, often nothing intercedes between my body and the sky for a day or more. I often smell a bit and do not really care at all.

There are, of course, amazing people along the way. Hilarious and interesting and profound conversations. Omar and Lazarus, Ash and Natalie, Nelson and Rae. That serendipitous sort of meeting that may not only happen when travelling, but which occurs so much more often here. Introduce consistently high levels of unpredictability into the system and the outputs are often themselves a scattering of rare beasts.

In the meantime, we try to create art. Try to make meaning, not only for oneself but for others. Because this experience is worth entering into, even secondhand, and because there is something transformative not only in the places we go, but in the mode of consciousness that we enter into transiting them.

As to where all this is going, geographically, metaphysically, who knows? It all seems unscryable from this vantage. There's a lot more road to go.

Litang Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Litang Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Litang at 4100m in the high Tibetan grasslands. Brown hills rising over flat-topped roofs, dust swirling in the streets. Nomads on motorbikes with long wild hair, gold teeth, greasy shearling jackets hanging off their shoulders. A fine market with fruit, butchered meat, dry goods, shoes and clothes. Police, of course, everywhere.

The old quarter of town up on the north edge of the city still feels like Tibet, unreconstructed or improved. I wander the dirt streets behind houses with outer walls of mud and straw, old women spinning prayer wheels at small temples along the way. The Gelugpa monastery at the top of the hill is all new, bricks and lumber still piled around the courtyard. This is China: everything is in the process of being built.

More touristy than expected, Litang, with signs in English on the main street and a few westerners in my hostel. They hold sky burials here still west of town. From here on the road turns north, deeper into Kham.


Ganzi Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Ganzi Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Most of the information you'll find calls this superb market town 'Garze', but most of the locals call it 'Ganzi'. No matter what you call it, though, it would be hard to imagine a more beautiful place to relax for a few days on a tour of Kham. Like most of the ethnically-Tibetan towns here on the Plateau, the ratio of police to residents here seems to be about 1:1, but practically what that usually means is big groups of 20-something cops standing around chatting with each other, driving around going GRNK! GRNK! at traffic with their sirens, or occasionally just napping in lawn chairs on the street. Johannesburg this is not.

Regardless, the real attraction here comes in two forms. First, the looming, sharp, snowcapped mountains of the Gongga Shan range rising in a high grey-white wall to the south of the town, as pretty as anything you've ever seen. And second, the enormous Khampa Tibetan community resident here, including hundreds of monks from the monastery in the old quarter up the hill, populating the streets, shopping for sneakers or mobile phones, or just hanging out in restaurants drinking tea. Like pretty much everywhere I've gone in Tibet, the welcome is noticeably friendlier than you get in many of the culturally Han parts of China --  the number of 'Tashi Deles' you'll get just walking down the street typically numbers in the dozens. Beyond that, there are good supermarkets, restaurants, street food and -- thank god -- real beer, a welcome respite from the watered-down 2.5% stuff sold everywhere else. 

Set in the high Tibetan grasslands, Ganzi is exceptional. Visit and you'll probably end up staying longer than intended.