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cycle touring

'The Charm of Kham' Published in Action Asia Magazine

My friends in Hong Kong have just run a feature of mine about bikepacking the spectacular Kham region of Tibet. I loved riding here (scary and difficult though it sometimes was), and can very highly recommend it to anyone looking for a cycle-touring destination that’s a bit off the beaten path!


'The Map is not the Territory' Published in Wild Magazine


I’m really excited to have my first piece run in Wild Magazine, this a longer and very different version of my tale of backpacking Australia’s (appropriately) wild Northern Territory.

“Every cubic meter of air in the Northern Territory’s Top End contains roughly 8,132 flies. I know this because I am in it, at ground level and 160% humidity, the flies feeding on the sweat of my face and arms and legs, with the backs of my hands and the tops of my thighs already blistered by days of sunburn. I’ve seen this place before at 1:500,000, down off the Reynolds River 4WD Track and another 100km east towards the no-horse settlement at Grove Hill, but then it was all academic, studying the map back home with anticipation and thinking, “Ah, 115km isn’t too bad for a day.” But that was the map, and, as Polish scholar Alfred Korzybski’s famed dictum states (perhaps more literally in this case than he ever intended it), the map is not the Territory…

'Osh and the Edge' Kyrgyzstan Feature PUBLISHED on

'Osh and the Edge' Kyrgyzstan Feature PUBLISHED on has run a feature of mine, titled ‘Osh and the Edge’ on the attempt to pioneer a bikepacking route over the Alai Mountains in southern Kyrgyzstan. Covering the topics of adventure and adventure-travel writing, it’s a look at the sometimes beautiful and sometimes stupid and dangerous ways in which we’re driven to find our limits.

Give ‘Osh and the Edge’ a read here if you’re curious!

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Bikepacking Kazakhstan: The Kazakh Corner Route

Bikepacking Kazakhstan: The Kazakh Corner Route

Somehow, even with the crowds of bikepackers and cycle tourists pedalling through Tajikistan and across Kyrgyzstan, amazingly few people seem to make it over the border into neighbouring Kazakhstan.

More’s the pity: Almaty Oblast, centred on the city of Almaty, also has incredible riches to be explored, rivalling anything in Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan but with zero tourist factor.

This route, The Kazakh Corner, is a bite-sized four day ride with an incredible amount of diversity. Starting or ending in Almaty, it’s perfect both for those wishing to extend a foray through northern Kyrgyzstan, or for those overlanding to or from China (though Xinjiang Province, with its paranoid and oppressive police-state atmosphere, is not a fun place to be these days).

It takes in Central Asia’s most cosmopolitan city, as well as high yurt-dotted grasslands and snowcapped mountains, dramatic river gorges, an abandoned Soviet astronomical observatory, a remote lake and even its own incredible miniature Grand Canyon, with heaps of fun gnarly descents thrown in for good measure.

Independently researched and documented in 2017 during a four-month bikepacking journey through Tibet, China and Central Asia, this short-but-oh-so-sweet section route is my single favourite ride from that time. Take a look at the embedded map below if you’re interested in the Kazakh Corner section alone, or at the second map if you’re curious about joining the Kazakh Corner up with’s Tian Shan Traverse route in northern Kyrgyzstan (via the Karkara Valley and Tegen — Kup/Tensu border, open roughly May-Oct each year).

With southeastern Kazakhstan’s amazing landscapes, easy travel, low costs and ridiculously friendly people, it’s a place ripe for adventurous exploration, and a welcome change of pace from the bikepacker tourist trail just next door.

Bikepacking Tajikistan: A Practical Guide


Bikepacking Tajikistan: A Practical Guide

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Though a recent attack on cycle tourists in Tajikistan has many wary of the region, my experience (and that of thousands and thousands of other cyclists and bikepackers) is that Tajikistan is not only spectacular and safe to travel, but one of the most friendly and hospitable countries you will ever visit. If you’re interested in bikepacking Tajikistan, check out the practical information below for how to cycle tour the Bartang Valley, Wakhan Corridor and more adventurous routes in the Pamirs and elsewhere.


Information: is the best source for up-to-date information about Tajikistan, the Pamirs, and Central Asia as a whole. Check out the Tajikistan country pages for general information, and reports in the forum for current conditions in the area., though less well organised, also has a wealth of information for planning a trip in the region., the homepage of the Pamirs Eco-Cultural Tourism Association (PECTA) is another good place to check out.


Tajikistan has now introduced an e-visa scheme: apply and pay online, get your e-visa emailed to you about 24 hours later. Print it out and take it with you to the border or airport. $50 USD plus another $20 for the GBAO permit (Gorno Badakshan Autonomous Oblast – where the Pamirs are). Validity is 45 days, single entry. Current information suggests it is not necessary to register with the government OVIR office for stays of up to 30 days, and possibly the full 45 days (see for latest information).


Local currency is Tajik Somoni, about 8.8 to the $USD as of Aug 2017. Functioning ATMs that accept international cards are thin on the ground (or nonexistent) outside Dushanbe. It’s probably best to take as much as you think you’ll need for your trip in $USD and change it into Tajik Somoni as necessary. It’s common for hotels, tour operators etc to quote prices in $USD, and also to accept payment in them rather than local currency. People seem to be good about using the exact bank rate rather than some wacky ‘adjusted’ exchange rate that benefits them on the transaction. Small notes are always more useful than $50s and $100s. People in Karakul near the Kyrgyz border also seem happy to accept Kyrgyz currency (Som) if you happen to have any.


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Phone and Internet:

Acquring a Tajik SIM card is cheap and easy to do in any larger town. For the Pamirs and the GBAO, Megafon is your best choice for coverage, with signal in Karakul, Murghab, the Wakhan, and even up the Bartang Valley as far as Basid. Most of the time, obviously, you’ll have at best an E network for data, but it’s still possible to stay connected in more places than you’d think. Data is cheap in the country and easy to reload at small shops all over the country (just look for a poster on the shop for Megafon or whatever other carrier you might have). Otherwise, wifi is thin on the ground throughout the country (even in places like Khorog), and even then usually is only switched on in hotels for a few hours a day. Phone internet access is generally your best bet, and as wifi connections are often terribly slow, big photo uploads may have to wait until Dushanbe at the very least.


Camping is much of the joy of bikepacking Central Asia, and in Tajikistan you’re spoiled for choice – there are endless amazing wild-camping opportunities, and it’s easy to find a beautiful campsite with a clear freshwater source in most places. Even in small villages, homestays (some official, some unofficial) are generally available with local families, with a bed (or floor mattress), dinner and breakfast (generally simple and vegetarian) for between $9 and $15 USD.

There are many more sleeping options in the region centre of Khorog, where the Pamir Lodge remains immensely popular with independent travellers and cyclists, and is the town’s most social lodging choice, though it’s a bit far from the centre. Hostel Do Nazarbayt is closer to the action and good value at $10USD for a room with private bathroom, including breakfast; the owner is also friendly and helpful. Dushanbe has the full range of lodging you’d expect for a capital city.

Food and cooking:

No one has ever accused Central Asia of being a gourmand’s paradise, and food can be pretty grim (and questionably hygienic) throughout the region. Highlights are plov (a kind of rice pilaf with meat), lagman (noodles with meat and veggies) and shashlik (grilled skewers of meat), though the quality of all of these dishes varies widely. Flatbread is ubiquitous: delicious when fresh, and increasingly dry/stale/mouldy/unpalatable the longer it’s been sitting out. Fair warning: getting sick in the Pamirs is pretty common.

‘Magazins’ are small shops, found everywhere, that generally have at least instant noodles, biscuits, snickers and sugar drinks (though there are also magazins with shelves that are pretty much bare of anything to eat – disappointing if you’ve just arrived to a town after a long ride hoping to find a snack). If you’re lucky, they might also have some fresh vegetables to help you stave off scurvy. Beer and vodka are also common to find, and Sim-Sim, the local Tajik brew, is decent stuff, as is imported Baltika.

For camp cooking, unleaded petrol is available everywhere, though you should also be able to find isobutene-propane fuel canisters in Dushanbe and Khorog. Clear-running freshwater is easy to find on most routes, though you’ll still want to filter or disinfect it because of livestock upstream. Most small villages also generally have a well with a pump; I have generally drunk this water unfiltered without a problem, though your comfort level with this practice may vary.

Bike Stuff:

You’re not going to find much in the way of spares or service outside of Dushanbe (which is itself hardly a bicycle paradise). You’re best off bringing anything you might need to deal with a mechanical with you. Conditions are frequently dusty and/or muddy, and some routes have a significant number of water crossings that will require you to relube your chain regularly. Roads are generally rough, so running high-volume tyres is a good idea, as is going tubeless, which will let you run lower pressures and eliminate the possibility of pinch flats. If you have to cross rivers or streams when the water levels are high, you may also rue having low-riding front panniers.

Tourist Factor:

Surprisingly high. The M41 Pamir Highway between Osh – Murghab – Khorog – Dushanbe is one of the world’s most popular routes for cycle tourists, most of whom are riding traditional loaded four-pannier setups. On most routes through the Pamirs in high season you’ll meet many cyclists each day, sometimes in big groups, and depending on your interests the social aspect of a trip thru the Pamirs can be a real highlight. The busy Wakhan Corridor route along the southern border is currently regarded as the region’s must-do cycling trip, though the remote and difficult Bartang Valley is both more beautiful and more rewarding, with almost no tourist factor. The Fann Mountains in the country’s northwest also receive a small fraction of the visitors to the GBAO, and are ripe to be explored for bikepacking. 

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Karakul, the Murghab Plateau and the Kyzyl-Art Border:

Coming from Sary-Tash in southern Kyrgyzstan via the Bor Dobo and Kyzyl-Art border posts is one of the classic ways of entering the Pamirs. Passing Kyrgyz immigration is generally painless, and once you do you’re in for about 20km and 1000m of climbing through a scenic no-man’s land and up to the Kyzyl-Art pass, which marks the official entry into Tajikistan (and the high desert of the Murghab Plateau). If necessary, you can camp in no-man’s land without a problem and enjoy a night of statelessness.

The Tajik Kyzyl-Art border (at 4000+m in the middle of nowhere) has historically been notorious for scams and phony fees, but either I was lucky or the government has cleaned up its act, because after waiting for about an hour I was stamped in without incident and thru the border with no requests for money at all.

On the other side of the border you enter the moonscape of the Plateau, and it’s an easy ride to Karakul (paved, albeit badly, after the first 10km). The dilapidated town feels like a place after a bombing, but there are good homestays (try homestay Sadat at the north end of the town – 80 Somoni with dinner and breakfast) and a fairly well-stocked magazin, plus the shore of the lake itself is a beautiful place to explore on foot or by bicycle. From here it’s a couple of hours cycle down to the turnoff to the Bartang, or a couple of days over the pass on the M41 to Murghab. The Plateau is an austere and starkly beautiful place to travel, but also has serious winds, including possible headwinds that will slow your progress to a crawl.

The Bartang Valley:

The Bartang is the Pamirs’ truest bikepacking route, running about 300km from Karakul west to the service town of Rushon on the M41 north of Khorog. This is a gorgeous, adventurous traverse of the Pamirs that has it all – high mountains, remoteness, steep and fast descents, extremely rough track, numerous stream and river crossings, isolated villages boasting incredible hospitality, and even the very real possibility of landslides. Depending on the time of year, the weather and the vagaries of geology, the route may or may not be passable: ask other cyclists in the area who have done (or attempted) the route, and don’t listen to anyone who hasn’t been there who tells you that it is or is not currently possible.

This route can be done either east-west or west-east. The first way loses about 2000m of overall elevation; the second way gains it. You can guess which one is harder overall. Your choice of equipment makes a significant difference in how easy and enjoyable the route is. Big tyres and light loads are recommended. People do this with traditional loaded-touring setups in about seven days; with more sensible equipment it can be done comfortably in four. If water levels are high, you may end up having to shuttle your bags and bike separately across the streams and rivers, especially running pannier setups. Ditto if a landslide has blocked the route and you have to carry the bike over it.

About 20km south of the village of Karakul, a track runs off west across the Plateau thru the desert – the beginning of the route to the Bartang Valley. Several hours later the track meets and follows a gorgeous stream valley for many kilometres; the last place to camp before the track turns away from the river and back into the desert is about 70km from Karakul.

On the second day the track crosses the Plateau for several hours before abruptly hitting the edge and descending very steeply off it to the Bartang River Valley. I met a couple of aggressive and very unofficial-looking men who demanded money here for a national park permit. I gave them my details and told them I would buy it at an official office only (I later did in Khorog). No idea if they were scammers, but they didn’t seem legitimate, and I would generally suggest not giving money to random men who demand it for official-looking pieces of paper.

At the end of day two, after a great many water crossings, you hit Khudara, the furthest of the villages up the Bartang Valley, and for the rest of the route there is periodic (if isolated) habitation. The hospitality of the Bartangi people is legendary, and you’ll find yourself having to decline most of the invitations to people’s homes for chai if you want to make any progress at all.

Days three and four the road follows the river through a steep, narrow canyon on frequently dodgy track that depending on conditions can be covered either by landslides or the river itself. If you’re not sure of the depth of a crossing, walk it rather than trying to ride. The main river fortunately never has to be crossed, as there are always bridges (though watch out for nails in the boards!). The track rejoins the M41 just south of Rushon, from which there are guesthouses, shops, restaurants and transit connections onward to Dushanbe or back to Osh.

This route sees few visitors; I met only four other cyclists, all in a single group, on the final day. They were travelling only a short distance up the valley. I met no one at all from Karakul to the edge of the Plateau.

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The Wakhan Corridor:

Though everyone raves about the Wakhan, the narrow strip of land running along the Panj River on Tajikistan’s southern border with Afghanistan, I found it a bit of a disappointment after the Bartang and the Plateau. Afghanistan is just a stone’s throw across the river, and there are glimpses of high snowcapped mountains, but the road for the most part lacks blockbuster scenery and can be quite ‘same-y’ along its length. Add to this the crowds of foreign cyclists and it can be difficult not to feel that you’re just on another kind of tourist trail here. Many people love this route for the social aspect found with other cyclists, but if you’re not keen to stop and chat a couple of times every hour, the busy-ness of the route might get tiresome.

The M41 Highway: Dushanbe – Khorog:

The route to or from Dushanbe to Khorog (or Rushon, just 60km north) follows fantastically bad, dusty road along a river valley for several days along the eastern Afghan border. It’s reasonably scenic, and so worth riding if you have the time and inclination, though be aware that traffic is often fairly heavy on this route – something you may wish to consider given the general recklessness of drivers in Tajikistan.

The Fann Mountains:

Though I didn’t visit the Fann Mountains, which lie in the corner of the country to the northwest of Dushanbe towards Uzbekistan, I’ve been generally made to understand that they receive few of the visitors who flock to the Pamirs, making them ripe for exploration. A vast network of hiking trails runs through the valleys and over the passes between Iskander Kul and Panjkent; check out the Gecko Maps ‘Southern Tajikistan’ map as a potential place to start researching a bikepacking route through this little-visited region. 

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PUBLISHED on - "The Bartang Valley, Tajikistan"

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"The most adventurous way across the Pamirs, the Bartang Valley offers the best of Central Asia – sublime remoteness, high mountains and wild desert moonscapes, legendary hospitality, physical difficulty, and more than a little bit of danger."

The *true* bikepacking alternative to both the Pamir Highway and the Wakhan Valley, this route through Tajikistan's remote Bartang Valley should be considered a must-do for adventurous bikepackers and well-equipped cycle tourists in Central Asia. Want to do it yourself? Get all the info you need, including GPX files and maps, here on

PUBLISHED in Cycle Magazine: "Rocks, Crocs and Waterfalls" (Bikepacking Australia's Top End)


PUBLISHED in Cycle Magazine: "Rocks, Crocs and Waterfalls" (Bikepacking Australia's Top End)


Interested in cycling Australia but looking for something more adventurous than simply plowing across the Nullarbor? Check out my feature in Cycle Magazine about bikepacking Australia's fantastic Top End (in the wild Northern Territory). The route includes Litchfield and Kakadu national parks, as well as the superb (and croc-intensive!) Reynolds River Track. Take a look here!


Guest on the Outspoken Cyclist Podcast

Oh friends: you're in for a treat. The Outspoken Cyclist -- the preeminent cycling podcast in Northeast Ohio and MOST LIKELY THE WORLD -- has just featured me as a guest in this week's broadcast.

Tune in and hear my digressions on Australia, the Indians' historic winning streak, and of course bikepacking across Central Asia (top tip: plov varies widely in quality). The whole show is top notch, but if you're the impatient sort, the interview starts in the second half of the podcast.

Huge thanks to host Diane Jenks for giving me a chance to come on and talk a little bit about the trip!


New and Updated Gear Reviews!

After four months of bikepacking through Tibet and Central Asia, I've updated and added to my Gear Reviews with plenty of new in-the-field information. Give it a read here!

New and updated reviews:

-Thermarest Neo-Air X-Therm Sleeping Pad

-Sea to Summit Thermolite Reactor Sleeping Bag Liner

-MSR Whisperlite International Multifuel Stove

-MSR MugMate Coffee Filter

-Toaks 450ml Titanium Single-Walled Mug

-Maxxis Chronicle 29 x 3.0 Tyres

-Bike Bag Dude Custom Framebag

-Alpkit Stem Cell Drybag

-Sea to Summit Big River Dry Bags

-Busch and Muller Luxos IQ2 U Dynamo Headlight

-Supernova E3 Pro 2 Dynamo Headlight

-Sinewave Revolution Dynamo USB Charger

-Anker Powercore+ 26800mAh Portable Battery Pack

-Samsung Galaxy S7 Edge Smartphone

-Fuji X-T2 Mirrorless Camera

-Fujinon XF 55-200mm F3.5-4.8 lens


PUBLISHED: "The Border Roads, Tibet" (

Tibet is much more than just the tightly restricted Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). The Tibetan Plateau extends far to the east, with the ancient Tibetan region of Kham existing — accessibly — in the far west of the provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai, allowing visitors to the area to experience a Tibetan landscape and culture without the restrictions of travelling to the TAR.

If the idea of bikepacking Tibet -- crossing 4900m passes surrounded by snowcapped mountains and riding rough backcountry track thru highland pastures dotted by grazing yaks -- captures your imagination as much as it did mine, take a look at this five-day route for The Border Roads, Tibet.

Three Months

Three Months

Three months. Ninety days -- a quarter of the year.

Settled into it now, the routines. Find water, find a campsite, make camp, cook dinner over the petrol stove, sleep and wake, make coffee, break camp and pack up the bike again. Grinding climbs, sweat pouring into my eyes and my sunglasses and clothes all stained by salt. Then descents like visitations by angels, full of oxygen and endorphins, speed and ease like satori, a sudden bliss dawning in your heart.

I go for days where I do not speak to anyone. I could be a ghost yolked to this machine, cycling some bardo realm, a near-isomer to reality, bottling up digital messages along my way to send out on wifi or 3G to prove my existence. My arms and legs are suntanned to peeling and they itch. Fuck prudence, I'll scratch them anyway.

I no longer sightsee. Cities are supermarkets and services. Eating and running errands, and sleep. The places I find other travellers seem like islands I happen by in a vast ocean in which I am myself endlessly adrift and in-between. 

Mostly, I am outside. If I do not visit a store, and the weather and insects permit camping without a tent, often nothing intercedes between my body and the sky for a day or more. I often smell a bit and do not really care at all.

There are, of course, amazing people along the way. Hilarious and interesting and profound conversations. Omar and Lazarus, Ash and Natalie, Nelson and Rae. That serendipitous sort of meeting that may not only happen when travelling, but which occurs so much more often here. Introduce consistently high levels of unpredictability into the system and the outputs are often themselves a scattering of rare beasts.

In the meantime, we try to create art. Try to make meaning, not only for oneself but for others. Because this experience is worth entering into, even secondhand, and because there is something transformative not only in the places we go, but in the mode of consciousness that we enter into transiting them.

As to where all this is going, geographically, metaphysically, who knows? It all seems unscryable from this vantage. There's a lot more road to go.

Litang Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Litang Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Litang at 4100m in the high Tibetan grasslands. Brown hills rising over flat-topped roofs, dust swirling in the streets. Nomads on motorbikes with long wild hair, gold teeth, greasy shearling jackets hanging off their shoulders. A fine market with fruit, butchered meat, dry goods, shoes and clothes. Police, of course, everywhere.

The old quarter of town up on the north edge of the city still feels like Tibet, unreconstructed or improved. I wander the dirt streets behind houses with outer walls of mud and straw, old women spinning prayer wheels at small temples along the way. The Gelugpa monastery at the top of the hill is all new, bricks and lumber still piled around the courtyard. This is China: everything is in the process of being built.

More touristy than expected, Litang, with signs in English on the main street and a few westerners in my hostel. They hold sky burials here still west of town. From here on the road turns north, deeper into Kham.


Ganzi Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Ganzi Photographs (Kham Region of Tibet, West Sichuan)

Most of the information you'll find calls this superb market town 'Garze', but most of the locals call it 'Ganzi'. No matter what you call it, though, it would be hard to imagine a more beautiful place to relax for a few days on a tour of Kham. Like most of the ethnically-Tibetan towns here on the Plateau, the ratio of police to residents here seems to be about 1:1, but practically what that usually means is big groups of 20-something cops standing around chatting with each other, driving around going GRNK! GRNK! at traffic with their sirens, or occasionally just napping in lawn chairs on the street. Johannesburg this is not.

Regardless, the real attraction here comes in two forms. First, the looming, sharp, snowcapped mountains of the Gongga Shan range rising in a high grey-white wall to the south of the town, as pretty as anything you've ever seen. And second, the enormous Khampa Tibetan community resident here, including hundreds of monks from the monastery in the old quarter up the hill, populating the streets, shopping for sneakers or mobile phones, or just hanging out in restaurants drinking tea. Like pretty much everywhere I've gone in Tibet, the welcome is noticeably friendlier than you get in many of the culturally Han parts of China --  the number of 'Tashi Deles' you'll get just walking down the street typically numbers in the dozens. Beyond that, there are good supermarkets, restaurants, street food and -- thank god -- real beer, a welcome respite from the watered-down 2.5% stuff sold everywhere else. 

Set in the high Tibetan grasslands, Ganzi is exceptional. Visit and you'll probably end up staying longer than intended.

Zhongdian (Shangri-la) Photographs

Zhongdian (Shangri-la) Photographs

Zhongdian, the city in northwestern Yunnan province cynically rebranded as 'Shangri-La', is a giant construction zone like so much of the rest of China. The Old City was largely destroyed in a fire in early 2014, and while much of the northern part of the Old City has been rebuilt, the southern end of the quarter remains a warren of half-finished buildings and half-laid streets, making it easy to see how manufactured the experience of Shangri-La's 'Old City' really is. That said, I can't be too hard on Zhongdian, with its backdrop of snowcapped mountains. Even if it's manufactured and touristy, the Old City is still an incredibly pleasant place to wander, and this is the first real stop on the Yunnan tourist trail where you can experience a bit of actual Tibetan culture, being the jumping-off point to the Tibetan Plateau itself. There's dancing in the streets at night (somehow all the locals seem to know the steps) and some very picturesque temples and what I'm told is the world's largest prayer wheel, though such designations are nearly always apocryphal. If you're interested in Tibet and Tibetan culture start your trip in Shangri-La, don't end it here. But for an accessible peek and a pleasant place to spend a few days, you could certainly do much worse.

Litang to Xinlong: Tunnels and Friendly Strangers


Litang to Xinlong: Tunnels and Friendly Strangers

Safe and sound in a shit, literally subterranean hotel room in Xinlong, where I've stopped for a short day after a big day of 100+km yesterday coming off the Plateau. Xinlong, a muddy, unprepossessing concrete plop by the riverside, is not a place that merits much discussion, except as a place to get plenty of sleep and binge-watch Archer. Instead, and in its place, I would like you to consider a topic near and dear to my heart: tunnels.

On the ‘pro’ side of the tunnel debate, I submit the following: hundreds of vertical metres of climbing saved, travel time across the mountain cut to a fraction of what it would otherwise be, grateful legs.

As for the ‘con’ side of tunnels: TUNNELS ARE FUCKING TERRIFYING.

On my map, the G318 running east from Litang shows as a predictable squiggle climbing the mountain, complete with about 400 metres of up-down. Naturally though, this being China, as I approach what ought to be the climb, instead of a climb, there is a yawning black hole in the mountainside. You should grow accustomed to this travelling here: if the map that you are using is more than six months old, the roads have changed. This is not an exaggeration: you can actually count on it.

The sign at the entrance gives the tunnel’s length as 2830 metres. This is an insanely long distance to be trapped underground with the speeding gamut of cars, trucks and heavy equipment in a dark, close, poorly-ventilated space, if you hadn’t given yourself ample time to consider the psychic gravity of what actually entering this tunnel means.

Emerging from the tunnel’s mouth in the opposite direction are a small group of Chinese cyclists who, even if they most probably evince the national tendency to be incredibly cavalier about personal safety, also have not passed out from carbon monoxide. Canaries in the coal mine. Fuck, here we go.

There’s a narrow kind of elevated walkway along the side – I think, I’ll stay out of traffic and just walk the bike here. But the walkway is full of giant, hidden, yawning holes with a half-metre drop, and anyway is randomly scattered with construction debris that wholly prevents progress. Plus by a couple hundred metres in, the light from outside is gone, and the idea of being trapped in this dark, loud, terrifying, echo-y, airless tube for the 40 minutes that it would take me to walk to the other side is not psychologically viable. I wait for the trucks behind me to pass, then get on the bike and begin to pedal like hell.

Don’t get me wrong: I’m a jerk, and this is the age of social media, so of course I stop to take pictures. And I’m also reliably craven, so when a giant truck rumbles up behind me, I jump up onto the walkway and wait for it to pass. Which seems wise, given that the insane drivers in the tunnel are doing things like driving in the oncoming lane to pass each other, with generally zero visibility.

The part of me that worries about flossing is likewise worried about the fumes I’m breathing as I’m pumping along, which really seems pretty academic given the speeding, murderous traffic in the confined space, but I keep sprinting and – thank god – light begins to spread along the walls. And then, just like that, I’m thru. Out onto the nomad plains, the brown hills dusted with light snow like confectioner’s sugar. Appreciating the tableau of yaks and marmots and the periodic dots of white tents where nomads are probably watching cat videos on their smartphones, because of course even nomads have smartphones now and there isn’t really much else out here in the way of entertainment.

Hours later I’m down in the lowlands again around 3000 metres and the sun is about forty minutes from going down. I’ve been riding along the river road with its steep canyon walls and generally enjoying the fact that the construction along the way means that the road is both pleasantly bad and low on traffic. But the steep walls mean that there are zero hideouts to camp in with flat space, and I’m not super keen to be out on the roads after dark, for a variety of reasons. Hell, even if I were, Xinlong is 50k away. It’s too far to ride tonight.

So I do what any sane person does: I ride up to the temple (hint: look for the gold roof) of a small village by the river and ask if they have a safe place I can put up my tent for the night. As an interesting aside, travelling here Chinese literacy is actually a pretty big problem: of the four people hanging out on the temple grounds, only one can read Chinese.

Ah, but we get there. Of course I can stay – no need for a tent, there’s a bed near the wood stove in the kitchen. And would you like dinner? We made vegetarian steamed buns. Here’s some butter tea! Oh, you are a western person and like butter tea! How wonderful!

Doing a night’s worth of communication via mime, tiny bits of shared language and Google Translate is a bit exhausting, but also pretty amazing. And here’s the weird thing: when you travel Tibet, you’ll see huge piles of stones everywhere carved with the Buddhist mantra Om Mani Padme Hum. And you think, who in the hell has gone and carved Om Mani Padme Hum on these anonymous thousands upon thousands of stones? Well, my hosts, as it turns out. They show me the work they’ve done over the last six months; it’s a yard filled with stones, plus another, plus the wall ringing the gilded prayer hall. For a kwai a repetition, they carve the mantra, over and over and over, earning merit as well as a living. And when they go back to Ganzi, their home for which I’m bound in a couple days’ time, they tell me they will begin to travel to Lhasa.

I make the walking gesture with my fingers. No no, the big guy, the one with the belly says. Then he makes the gesture for a full prostration. Then he does it again. ‘Ganzi to Lhasa?’ I ask. ‘All of you?’ They all just smile; he makes the prostration motion again.

It is 1600 kilometres to Lhasa.


Onto the Tibetan Plateau - Yading to Litang


Onto the Tibetan Plateau - Yading to Litang

Yading – Daocheng – Litang

My lips are a constant paste of half-dried mucus and dead skin. It’s been that way for days, since the sickness in Yading when I lay shaking in a fever sleep for 36 hours straight, the bedclothes twisted around me and reeking of sweat, and myself wondering if I can really go on? But what else is there?

The sickness becomes like a well that you have to climb out of, so far down into your own tiredness and weakness and reluctance that all you want is something comfortable, something familiar –Netflix and coffee and sleep and Mexican food. But no. I leave the Super 8 in Yading on the third day, and the manager is clearly glad to see me gone, speaking into Google Translate on my phone: ‘This stay the Chinese Communist Party has no knowledge!’ Out into the sun, 25km along the river road, exhausted and crashing in a hollow hidden beside the highway, instant noodles and twisting sleep and into another endless morning of climbing.

I am over it. I am beyond over it. The road climbs up onto the Tibetan Plateau proper above 4000m and the earth is brown and bare and sun-scorched and rocky and dry and my head is swimming with dizziness and lightheadedness from the altitude. Every structure, with its walls of flat stones and wooden windowframes, flies the red banner of either China or the Communist Party. There is no choice. Tibet has always been a part of China.

I inch on for hours, crawling across the skin of the Earth like an insect, wanting just to lie down and sleep. Yet somehow, each time I’m done with it, over it, there comes some fresh wonder, and suddenly I am back in the experience again. There on the S216 the road crests, and I swoop down into Daocheng.

I descend past a wide dry stony riverbed and all along it there are the yellow-green buds of spring poplars, the houses brown and flat-roofed with animals behind walls of stones. Rewu monastery stands like some kind of ancient, austere, gilded vision across the valley. Vast chortens of broken mani stones dot the landscape, and there – smiling and fingering strings of prayer beads and saying tashi dele! are actual Tibetan people.  It’s all so like a postcard of Tibet it immediately makes me smile.  

In Daocheng itself, the city centre seems weirdly overdeveloped for such a small place, and is filled with literally dozens of empty restaurants, a single bored employee seated inside just looking at their phone. I wander the centre until I find a restaurant that’s actually patronized, and when I sit down, what do they serve but noodle soup? Lord, anything but noodle soup again.

Up again the next morning, cycling past endless fields of stones, red-cheeked Tibetan women waving from the roadside, their hair in long black plaits. Dogs barking in dusty yards behind walls of stone; yaks, rangy cows. Following the olive-drab river valley, winding slowly uphill, men gathering dead wood with the hollow thunk of axes into little trailers attached to ubiquitous puttering tractor-motors. People circuiting around the stupas like community living rooms, a place to gather and socialize while they walk clockwise, spinning the prayer wheels. Climb up into a strange high landscape above 4000 metres, endless fields of boulders left over from a vanished ice-cap. In a very Chinese detail, there is a point of interest by the roadside to commemorate an interesting geological feature that was destroyed in the construction of the road itself.

I descend from the pass at 4600m with the air suddenly frigid and the wind blowing a gale, and ask if I can shelter in the lee of the large vinyl tent of some nomads, and they’d invite me in, share food and tea. Of course they have smartphones. A teenage boy, Jongja, follows me out to my tent and watches me make up my camp bed and lie down with such intentness and for such a prolonged period that I can only conclude that a) there is essentially nothing to do here but stare at the walls, and I’m accordingly high entertainment, or b) he is going to murder me. But though I’m happy in my little tent sheltered from the wind, just before nightfall a new man arrives to the camp on a motorcycle, and the vibe off him is strange, ulterior. I resolve to leave before he wakes in the morning.

When I wake at daybreak the sky is cold-pressed lead and there are a few flakes of snow in the air. I’m dead tired, but I immediately begin packing up my tent, a single cold hard Snickers bar in my stomach, which is quickly becoming a staple of my cycling diet.

By the time I’m halfway up to the top of the pass on the other side of the valley, legs shot and screaming with lactic acid, the weather’s developed into a full-on snowstorm, and the ice flakes are blowing sideways into my face like needles.

Yet Litang is still 75 km away, and after the rough transit of the last week – a wreck, a sickness, and more than 10 vertical kilometres of climbing, I need a real sanctuary and not just another night in a tent with instant noodles.

So: up to the top, so tired, so cold, then down, down, down. Numb hands, numb feet; my glasses are fogged over and covered in water droplets and I can only see thru a small window in the corner. The road curves down into a haze of snow and cloud, and I’m wearing so many layers beneath my helmet that it feels like I’m packaged.

Yet far beyond exhaustion, the whole day spent endlessly thermo-regulating, putting layers on, taking layers off, chilled or pouring sweat, I finally make it into Litang. Checked into my hotel, the evening is cold, drizzly and damp, people wandering the tumbledown streets in the murk, passing like apparitions. The town feels rough, Tibetans like frontierspeople in broadbrimmed leather hats, fingering prayer beads or spinning prayer wheels. Monks in maroon robes and sandals, the strange floppy yellow hats of the Gelugpa sect on their heads. Even after days at altitude I’m breathless climbing the stairs to my room. But I’ve arrived.

In the monastery up above the town a gargantuan 10-metre-tall statue of Tsong-kapa, founder of the Gelugpa sect, dominates a prayer hall. The ceilings and walls are a riot of Tibetan Buddhist iconography – benevolent dieties, fierce deities engulfed in flames – and offerings of yuan notes overflow from nooks and niches where supplicants have stuffed them.

I feel like there’s something to be worthy of here, the landscape and the culture so wild and unique, and myself so privileged to be able to witness and to transit it.  But really what is there to say? The Tibetan religious aesthetic seems to be things piled and heaped and tangled – prayer flags and stones, statues and skulls, mandalas and thangkas – such that the accumulation bears testament to piety and to intent.

I wonder if what I am doing is so different – this tangle of words, of photographs? It signals intent, yes. But does it add to something worthy? That very much remains to be seen.